Opticians are trained to be experts in lenses, frames and contact lenses. Once they receive a prescription from an Optometrist or a local Ophthalmologist, they work to choose the best lens option for each individual. Opticians and ophthalmologists do not test eye sight or write prescriptions for visual correction.
Children’s eye exams are an essential part of kids' development. Kids should have their first eye exam by the age of three, or sooner if there’s any sign of a problem. Their eyes should be examined regularly to prevent and/or treat eye diseases and vision problems.
Common Children’s Eye Conditions
Amblyopia, also known as lazy eye, is a condition that develops during childhood. It usually affects one eye, can run in families and is best corrected in infancy or early childhood. Amblyopia can be caused by poorly aligned eyes (strabismic amblyopia), unequal refractive errors in the eyes (refractive amblyopia) or cloudiness from congenital cataracts (deprivation amblyopia). Amblyopia will not go away on its own.
Amblyopia treatment depends on the type of the condition a child has. If it’s refractive amblyopia, the optometrist or ophthalmologist will prescribe eyeglasses. Strabismic amblyopia may require surgery, followed by patching the good eye to force the brain to process information from the lazy eye. If a child has deprivation amblyopia, surgery is often necessary. Once a child’s vision improves, he or she might need to continue amblyopia treatment to maintain the desired effect.