Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Glaucoma is often associated with elevated intraocular pressure, in which damage to the eye (optic) nerve can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye over time as people age. Cataracts often develop slowly and can affect one or both eyes. The only treatment is to have the effected lens replaced through surgery.
Refractive eye surgery is the term used to describe surgical procedures that correct common vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. Surgery can eliminate the need for prescription eyeglasses and/or contact lenses.
How does a dual chamber pacemaker work?
A dual chamber pacemaker has 2 wires that go into 2 chambers of the heart (the atrium and the ventricle). This device is used when there is an interruption or blockage in the communication between the heart chambers which affects the pumping mechanism. The 2 wires of the dual chamber pacemaker allow the chambers of the heart to be reconnected and will kick in when the heart rate is too slow.
How is lupus diagnosed?
Lupus can be tricky to diagnose, and can be dependent on many factors. Typically, the signs and symptoms of lupus will be considered, along with a physical exam and blood tests. A common blood test is an antinuclear antibody screen which is often positive in those with lupus. If you are concerned you may have lupus, visit your family physician to address your symptoms.
What is the treatment for chronic constipation?
There are over-the-counter medications, as well as some prescription drugs, which are used to treat chronic constipation. Your doctor can advise you on which product is best for you. These medications should be paired with proper intake of fibre and water along with regular exercise to help promote good bowel patterns.