An endocrinologist is a doctor who specializes in treating disorders of the endocrine system, which includes the pancreas, ovaries, testes, thyroid, and adrenals. An endocrinologist treats diseases such as diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and certain cancers of the glands. In treating patients with diabetes, an endocrinologist will also educate patients on insulin therapy, insulin pumps, type 1 diabetes, diabetes management, blood sugar levels, glucose testing, children and diabetes and types of insulin.
If you’ve been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you’ll work closely with your healthcare team to manage the disease and prevent complications. Your primary care provider may refer you to an endocrinologist, a doctor who is specially trained in conditions affected the glands and hormones. During visits with your primary care provider or endocrinologist, he or she will perform an A1C test to measure the glucose (blood sugar) in your blood by checking hemoglobin. Your physician may also take blood or urine samples to assess kidney, liver and thyroid function.